5G Technology and Beyond
This article explains how 5G technology is working and what will be the future of this 5G technology. You can also learn about how these technologies will affect us in the future.
Have you ever wished that you could download your favorite movies within seconds? Ever wondered if you could save thousands of GB data within minutes? The dream is likely to come true by the end of this year with the introduction of ultra-high-speed internet technology – the 5G wireless system! With a maximum theoretical speed of 10 Gbps, the 5G network will revolutionize all the industries by connecting them with IoT (Internet of Things). The manufacturing industry is elated as 5G can transmit low latency video at a high resolution, improving their monitoring system exponentially.
5G technology in automotive and gaming industries
The automobile sector is facing a struggle between Tesla and Google to build the first viable autonomous vehicle. Rather than using onboard computers and radars to scan the environment around the car, companies will now use 5G technology to receive data from sensors and transmit to the centralized servers using machine learning algorithms. The entertainment giants like Fox and Warner Bros will use the 5G to improve the AR and VR quality, which 4G couldn't accomplish.
The gaming industry is already gearing up for e-sports and to earn an expected revenue of $100B by 2028. The lead generation industry which includes finding email and contact details from LinkedIn, Facebook will also be improved. It will be much easier for the lead generation tools to integrate with CRM tools and get the phone numbers by address, extracting company information and developing an extensive email database.
Future of 5G technology
Let's dig into the working and future of this technology and how it will affect us!
The 'G' stands for generation. It was during the 1980s when the 1G system was introduced, which we popularly call as cell phone generation. Only phone calls and nothing more. Within 20 years, the world saw a need for sending messages, and therefore we moved on to the 2G network.
Data transmission was also allowed with some more improvements, but it could barely transmit MBs of data. The 3G gave us a ray of hope that data can be transmitted faster at a rate of 4Mbps. And finally, the world experienced high-speed data transmission, which satisfied our needs with a speed of 10Mbps-50Mbps.
Working of 5G Wireless Network
It is made up of Optic fibers, cell towers, data centers, and small cells. The earlier technologies used coaxial copper cables, which have a typical bandwidth up to 1GB/s because they get affected by electromagnetic and radio frequency interference. In contrast, 5G technology uses fiber-optic cables with a bandwidth of more than 1GB/s and immune to any intervention. The second component is formed by a radio access network and a core network. The former includes 5G small cells and microcells that form a cluster and communicate with each other over short and long distances, respectively. The core network is used for cloud-based services and network slicing. It will use super high (3-30 GHz) and extremely high (30-300 GHz) bands. Fixed wireless antennas will be placed on top of homes to communicate with the nearby cell towers. By connecting it with the optical fiber cables and using specially designed modems and routers, the wireless signal will further be converted into Wi-Fi.
In earlier cellular networks, countries and companies-built networks, equipment, and devices to different standards; as a result, not all equipment worked on all systems or in all states. Technology companies and telecommunication providers saw value in developing measures to enable technology companies to build to one standard, bring products to market faster, sell equipment globally, achieve economies of scale, and reduce equipment costs. Two organizations central to this effort for 5G are the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and the United Nations International Telecommunications Union (ITU).
3GPP collaborates with seven telecommunication SDOs from Japan, China, Europe, India, Korea, and the United States. 3GPP has more than 370 members from leading companies from many nations. Members include leading telecommunication providers (e.g., AT&T, China Mobile, SK Telecom), technology companies (e.g., Intel, Qualcomm, Samsung, Ericsson, Huawei, ZTE), and government agencies. 3GPP is one of many organizations working to build consensus on technical specifications for mobile communications (3G, 4G, and 5G). 3GPP members have worked together to develop, test, and create specifications for 5G technologies.
The most anticipated 5G system will inevitably affect all the avenues of our lives, but there are many hurdles in its implementation that need to be addressed. It's a bitter truth that today's network can't handle the overall cost per bit, energy efficiency level, the increasing traffic growth, and fragmented spectrum.
Thus, if we are moving towards 5G technology, it must have more robust device-connection capabilities, including all the low-frequency and high-frequency bands and scalable infrastructure to meet users' needs.
Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge.