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Which is a better back-end language? Node.js or Python?

Node.js and Python are two popular programming languages used by top website development companies in India for web-based back-end development. But there is no clear answer when choosing between the two, as both have their strengths and weaknesses.


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Varun Bhagat

2 years ago | 3 min read

Which is the better back-end language? Node.js or Python? With so many factors to consider when choosing the right programming language, it can be hard to know which one you should pick when building your back-end infrastructure. This guide explores the similarities and differences between Node.js and Python in depth, including their respective strengths and weaknesses, in order to help you make the best possible decision about which programming language you should use when building your next website or app’s back-end infrastructure.

What is Node.js?

Node.js, also known as Node, is an open-source, cross-platform JavaScript run-time environment that executes JavaScript code outside of a browser. It consists of Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine and server-side libraries for creating web servers to handle traffic coming from different web clients simultaneously.

What is Python?

Python is an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. Python programmer for hire. Its high-level built in data structures, combined with dynamic typing and dynamic binding, make it very attractive for Rapid Application Development, as well as for use as a scripting or glue language to connect existing components together. Python's simple, easy to learn syntax emphasizes readability and therefore reduces the cost of program maintenance.

How are Node.js and Python Similar?

If you’re asking yourself how to choose between Node.js and Python, then you’re probably looking for two things: 1) Which technology should I learn first, and 2) Are these languages equally suited for programming in general? The answer to both questions is yes. Both are very popular open source languages used by thousands of developers every day to build scalable, secure applications.

#1 Node.js vs. Python: Architecture

The two languages are very similar in terms of execution speed and performance, so it's really hard to choose between them on these grounds. Based on empirical data comparing multiple implementations of both languages, JS slightly edges out Python in pure computation time, but only by a fraction of a second for any operation. In other words, you can't really go wrong with either one based on speed/performance alone. The big difference comes from how they're used--and that has everything to do with libraries and frameworks.

#2 Node.js vs. Python: Speed & Performance

In terms of performance, both languages are pretty close to each other and if we run simple computational tasks we won’t notice any difference between them; however, there are cases where one outperforms over another. For example, in mathematical computation, Node.js performs marginally better than Python due to it using Google V8 which makes use of JIT (Just-In-Time) compilation for efficiency.

#3 Node.js vs. Python: Scalability

When talking about scalability, I think it’s important to note that neither of these languages was created specifically with scalability in mind. This means you have to learn both languages from scratch. So it’s not necessarily a black and white answer as to which one does it better, but there are certain factors that weigh into your decision as well.

#4 Node.js vs. Python: Learning curve

Both Python and Node.js are easy to learn and use, but their technical specifications and performance vary greatly depending on your needs. If you’re just starting out with coding, it might be hard to determine which platform offers more benefits than drawbacks for your projects—and whether either one of them actually fits into your development stack at all.

#8 Node.js vs. Python: Cost of development

Both languages are free to use for small-scale projects, but enterprise development requires additional skills and experience. Although there are cross-platform editors that can be used to develop with either language, such as Visual Studio Code (VS Code) and Atom (recently open sourced), you should still consider your options before choosing your development environment, as each will likely come with its own set of rules and standards that need to be followed.

Conclusion

We’ve taken a look at Node vs Python and have found that they’re both great for different situations. Node.js is best suited for evented IO, whereas Python will provide you with more flexibility over time as your application grows and changes, which makes it ideal for larger applications where you want to get to know your codebase intimately.




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