What is Cryptocurrency? A Step By Step Guide

It is form of digital and virtual currency protected by cryptography, which makes it almost impossible to counterfeit or use twice. Many cryptocurrency platforms are based on decentralized networks as well as blockchain technology that is an open ledger that is supported by a variety of computers.


Devendra Singh Khati

2 years ago | 8 min read

One distinct feature of cryptocurrencies is that they're not usually issued by any central authority, which makes them theoretically unaffected by manipulative government intervention and control. The term "cryptocurrency" refers to a type of money that can be utilized to transfer products and services on the internet. Blockchain technology is used to perform their functions. Blockchain is an open technology that manages and records transactions over the computers in a network.

Understanding Cryptocurrency

It is form of digital and virtual currency protected by cryptography, which makes it almost impossible to counterfeit or use twice. Many cryptocurrency platforms are based on decentralized networks as well as blockchain technology that is an open ledger that is supported by a variety of computers.

Why Were Cryptocurrencies Invented?

The cryptocurrency first came into existence in 1998. David Chaum is a cryptographer who created his eCash as well as the DigiCash systems. Satoshi Nakamoto created Bitcoin the first cryptocurrency to come into existence. Global financial turmoil which occurred the year 2008, was an frightening moment. It impacted everyone, even the US. It caused the price of the coins to fall. It was in 2009 that Bitcoin came into existence by an individual who used the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency. Satoshi Nakamoto wasn't the first person to create the concept. The concept of Bitcoin was to develop an entirely new kind of currency that anyone could utilize and gain from even though the economy went through a severe crisis.

The main objective for cryptocurrency is address the issues that arise with traditional currencies. It does this by providing currency holders with the power and accountability. The majority of cryptocurrency's cryptocurrencies are based on money's five properties and have three functions. They're all trying to address some or all of the real-world problems.

What is the Current Status of Cryptocurrencies?

As time passed the acceptance of cryptocurrency was becoming more common. Initial experiences were not ideal however, it has evolved drastically since the time it was first introduced. Many businesses now allow employees to pay their bills using these virtual currency.

  • There are two companies currently working on their own cryptocurrency: Facebook and Kodak.
  • Many companies are also beginning accepting virtual currencies as a means of paying for services and goods.
  • Hotels allow guests to pay for their stay using cryptos, for example, The Dolder Grand Hotel in Switzerland and the Casual Del Mar Hotel, located in Malaga.
  • Airlines, Surf Air already allows its customers to perform different actions using cryptocurrency. For example when a client earns an income, they are able to cancel their trip without having to pay any fees.

The National Tourist Office of Germany is seeking to be the first organization that accepts cryptocurrency as a form of payment. They believe this innovative option of payments will enable them to enhance their operations and improve their profitability.

What is the Future of Cryptocurrencies?

  • In the past few years the blockchain technology has seen a huge increase in acceptance. Its possibilities are enormous and could even achieve a value of $80 million within five years.
  • As cryptocurrencies are becoming more popular Many nations are keen to discover the world of the digital prior to when their counterparts that are not regulated can be established.
  • Because of the nature of cryptocurrency's advancement, they'll likely remain in circulation for quite a while. They aren't as well-known as traditional currencies.
  • It was in 2009 that Bitcoin came into existence by Satoshi Nakamoto who is believed be a pseudonymous designer. Its initial decentralized version was dubbed Bitcoin. It was in 2011, Namecoin came into existence as a way to build an independent DNS system.
  • The month of August saw the British Treasury requested a study of the possible impact of cryptocurrency in the UK economy. The purpose of the study was to look at the role they could be able to play within the UK.
  • El Salvador became the first country to recognize Bitcoin as a means of payment in June 2021. The nation's legislature later adopted a law that recognized Bitcoin as a cryptocurrency.

India is ready to begin its pilot digital rupee in December 2021. Shaktikanta Das, Director of the Reserve Bank of India, stated that the digital rupee is currently in the process and is expected to be completed at the end of this year.

Use Cases for Cryptocurrencies

A variety of cryptocurrencies are also utilized for different purposes other than making payments for products and services. There are a variety of uses for decentralized networks like payments processing and insurance. Cryptocurrencies are digital currency which physical commodity or institution does not endorse. It is accepted as payment options by legal and natural individuals in all nations. In addition to being a means of exchange, they are also products that have intrinsic value. Because of their value being widely utilized, they are employed in the field of blockchain technology.

Bitcoin- The Undisputed King

Alongside inflation and political instability Additionally, there is growing desire to invest for bitcoin in countries in which the banking system is not yet fully established. Many regions remain dependent on cash transactions for transactions and transactions, the amount of people who do not have a bank account is increasing. Digital wallets allow individuals are able to transfer Bitcoin without going to the bank.

Ethereum- The Hub of Decentralized Apps and Smart Contracts

E thereum is the world's top decentralized network. Its advent as the first global network for distributed computing was due in part to the introduction of its ERC20 standard. Utility and smart tokens are the fundamental technology behind blockchain-based assets that are able to be used in a variety of applications. They are easily identifiable by using the ERC20 tokens.

Iota- Connecting Resources and Services in IOT

IOTA project IOTA project is an open source distributed ledger that is designed to provide a platform where machines can exchange resources and services. One example of this project is the development of a connected vehicle payment system. With their phones drivers are now able to pay road tolls as well as collect parking fees without the use of credit cards. Additionally, they can provide road conditions to different organizations, including road maintenance and highway department authorities.

Another instance from the IOTA's Tangle is the development of an autonomous neighborhood situated in Trondheim, Norway. With its eco-friendly concept, this project seeks to turn offices to energy-producing facilities.

Tether - Pegging Cryptocurrencies to Fiat

Stablecoins are digital currency that is designed to offer a reliable and secure method of holding an amount that is stable. They typically are tied to a particular amount of the US dollar. Other currencies, or real assets could be used to support an unchanging currency. Its value is able to buy goods and services within the local market. Stablecoins are digital currencies which are linked in relation to US dollar. They are used by traders to swiftly switch between currencies. The notion behind a stable cryptocurrency is that its price can fluctuate in line as the price of an asset. You'd like to change Bitcoin in to Ethereum and not lose any of its value. You anticipate the value of Bitcoin to fall so that you can exchange it to a stable cryptocurrency such as USD Coin or Tether.

Blockchain technology is the primary driver that has led to the decentralization of investment and technology. Its future success will be contingent upon the work of regulatory agencies as well as experts in the field to encourage the acceptance of cryptocurrencies throughout the world. The fundamental characteristics of blockchain include decentralization as well as transparency and the ability to change, are frequently utilized in a variety of industries. Some of them, like:

  • capital Markets For capital markets blockchain technology opens up opportunities for capital markets to boost efficiency and reduce costs. It allows for faster and less expensive acces to money.
  • Central Bank Digital Currencies CBDC Central digital currencies of banks (CBDCs) can be described as digital currency that provide central banks with unique advantages, like more flexibility and accessibility to cash for individuals.
  • "Decentralized Finance" (DeFi): Decentralized finance is the move away of traditional financial systems towards peer-to–peer transactions. It is based on Ethereum the most used blockchain.
  • Digital Identity Secure digital identification system based using blockchain technology, which securely handles and stores user data. It's designed to provide an environment that is tamper-proof and allows users to secure their information.
  • government and Public Sector: Ethereum blockchain technology helps governments enhance efficiency, cut costs, and increase confidence.
  • Real Estate: Enterprise Ethereum enables the digital transformation of financial assets and instruments. It allows for democratization of access to capital markets and lets real estate investors benefit from the increasing prices.
  • law estimates that 9.8 percent productivity loss due to manual work in a law firm can be valued at $12 billion per year. A high-end blockchain platform for institutions can reduce the cost by ensuring the transparency needed, reducing costs and enhancing efficiency.
  • Supply Chain Management Supply Chain Management: Current supply chains are usually inefficient and are not properly tracked. Blockchain can streamline processes and offer transparency about the source of consumer products.
  • Media and Entertainment The cost of fraud and piracy is the entertainment industry approximately $71 billion each year. Blockchain technology helps preserve and safeguard digital media.
  • syndicated loans The complex global capital markets as well as the associated liabilities and costs are just a few of the reasons that have contributed to the growth of syndicated loans. Blockchain could help address these issues by eliminating intermediaries, and thus reducing the cost of these loans.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cryptocurrency


The promise of cryptocurrencies is that they make it easy to transfer money directly from two different parties, without needing of an untrustworthy third party, such as the credit card or bank business. The transfers are secure with the help of private and public keys, and different reward mechanisms like Proof of Work or Proof of Stake. The user's "wallet" or account number has a public-key in the most recent ledgers for cryptocurrency, while its private keys are exclusive to the owner , and is used to authenticate transactions.


The anonymity of cryptocurrency exchanges makes it an ideal platform for a range of illicit activities, like tax evasion and money laundering. However, many cryptocurrency advocates stress that anonymity is crucial with benefits like protection for whistleblowers and activists under oppressive government. Certain cryptocurrencies offer a greater security level than others.

Since forensic analysis of the Bitcoin blockchain has helped authorities in identifying and prosecuting indictable criminals. Bitcoin can be a not a good choice to conduct illegal business on the internet. But, other privacy-oriented currencies are out there, including Dash, Monero, and ZCash which are more difficult to track.


Markets for cryptocurrency are decentralized that is to say, they aren't created or supported by a central authority, like the government. Instead, they're distributed across an internet of computers. Cryptocurrencies on the other side, are able to be bought or sold at exchanges and stored in 'wallets.'

In contrast to traditional currencies, cryptocurrencies are only a shared electronic record of the ownership on the blockchain. If one person wants to transfer cryptocurrency units another, they can do so by using the recipient's digital wallet. The transaction will not be considered to be complete until it is confirmed by the system and added through miner's process. This is also the way in which the majority of the new cryptocurrency tokens are developed.


Created by

Devendra Singh Khati

As a writer and copywriter, I've recently focused on making blockchain more accessible to those who are unfamiliar with the technology. As someone who has been around for a while, I understand how difficult it can be to avoid technical jargon when explaining any blockchain concept.







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