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A curated list of Linux Distributions also known as Linux Distros

Linux is one of the best operating systems. It belongs to the family of open-source Unix-like OS based on the Linux kernel. There are different types of operating systems out there. Knowing more about the best operating system for accomplishing your tasks can be a game changer. Linux is one of these operating systems. It has a number of distributions with different features and functionalities.


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Ahsan Noor.

a year ago | 4 min read

Hello Readers!👋

This article will give you some detailed insights into different distributions of Linux Operating systems.

We all know, it's a huge plus to have hands-on with good developer tools. Best tools enhance our productivity and ease the work at hand. It also lets us enjoy our work, and produce a good outcome.

In any field of computer science, OS is an important tool. OS stands for operating system. It is the low-level software that supports a computer's basic functions, such as scheduling tasks and controlling peripherals.

There are different types of operating systems out there. Knowing more about the best operating system for accomplishing your tasks can be a game-changer. Linux is one of these operating systems. Linux has a number of distributions with different features and functionalities.

This article presents an overview of all the Linux Distros.

Let's dive right in, to know about it all.

What is Linux?

Linux is one of the best operating systems. It belongs to the family of open-source Unix-like OS based on the Linux kernel.

Open Source means, it is free. i.e., anyone can take a look at the code & use it as they see fit.

What are Linux Distros?

Linux has many distributions, often abbreviated as distros.

Distro:

A collection of apps & settings that tailor Linux to different designs & use cases.

There are distros with heavier & lighter system requirements, different aesthetics & different ways to install software programs.

3 Types of Linux Distros:

In terms of ease of use, some distros are more user-friendly than others. So, being a beginner or advanced developer, we can choose which Linux distro can better suit us.

Here are three categories, based on the difficulty level of using them:

  1. Beginner Friendly
  2. Intermediate
  3. Hard mode
Types of Linux Distros based on ease of use
Types of Linux Distros based on ease of use

1. Beginner-friendly

1. Ubuntu

(Based on Debian)

Initial release: Ubuntu 4.10 (Warty Warthog) / Oct 2004

Latest release: Ubuntu 21.04 (Hirsute Hippo) / Apr 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 2 GHz dual-core

RAM: 4 GB

Disk Space: 25 GB

Resolution : 1024 x 768

Internet access is helpful

2. Pop!_OS

(Based on Ubuntu)

Initial release: Ubuntu 4.10 (Warty Warthog) / Oct 2004

Latest release: Ubuntu 21.04 (Hirsute Hippo) / Apr 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 64-bit

RAM: 2 GB

Disk Space: 16 GB

3. Elementary OS

(Based on Ubuntu - LTS)

Initial release: Mar 2011

Latest release: 6.0 "Odin" / Aug 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: Recent Intel i3 or comparable dual-core 64-bit processor

RAM: 4 GB

Disk Space: 15 GB

Resolution: 1024 × 768

Mouse/touchpad & Keyboard: Built-in or wired

USB drive (for installation): 4 GB

4. Mint

(Based on Ubuntu)

Initial release: Aug 2006

Latest release: Linux Mint 20.2 “Uma” / Jul 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

RAM: 2 GB

Disk Space: 20 GB

Resolution: 1024 x 768

5. Zorin

(Based on Ubuntu)

Initial release: 2009

Latest release: Zorin OS 16 / Aug 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

RAM: 2 GB

Storage: 20 GB

Resolution: 800 × 600

6. Solus

[Independent]

Initial release: Dec 2015

Latest release: Rolling release / 4.3 (Solus 4.3 Fortitude) / Jul 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 64-bit (x86_64)

RAM: 4 GB

Disk Space: 10 GB

Resolution: 1024×768

Mouse/touchpad & Keyboard: Built-in or wired

USB drive (for installation): 2 GB

2. Intermediate

1. Garuda Linux

(Based on Arch)

Initial release: March 2020

Latest release: Rolling release

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 64-bit (x86_64)

RAM: 8 GB

Disk Space: 40 GB

Video card: OpenGL 3.3 or better

2. EndeavourOS

(Based on Arch)

Initial release: Jul 2019

Latest release: Rolling release / installation medium 2021.08.27

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

RAM: 4 GB

3. Manjaro

(Based on Arch)

Initial release: Jul 2011

Latest release: 21.1.0 (Pahvo)[3] / Aug 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 2 GHz

RAM: 2 GB

Disk Space: 30 GB

HD graphics card and monitor

A stable internet connection

4. MX Linux

(Based on Debian)

Initial release: March 2014

Latest release: MX-19.4 / March 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: A modern i686 Intel or AMD processor

RAM: 2 GB

Disk Space: 20 GB

Graphics: 3D-capable video card

Sound Card: AC97 or HDA-compatible

5. Fedora

(Based on Red Hat)

Initial release: November 2003

Latest release: 34 / April 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 400 MHz Intel 64-bit

RAM: 256 MB

Disk Space: 7 GB

An internet connection is desirable but not mandatory

6. OpenSUSE

[Independent]

Initial release: October 2005

Latest release: Leap 15.3 / June 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: Pentium 4 2.4 GHz or higher or any AMD64 or Intel64 processor

RAM: 2 GB

Disk Space: 40 GB

Resolution: 1024 x 768 or higher

3. Hard mode

1. Arch

[Independent] - DIY

Initial release: March 2002

Latest release: Rolling release / installation medium 2021.09.01

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: x86_64-compatible

RAM: 1 GB

Disk Space: 2 GB

Internet connection is required

2. Gentoo

[Independent] - DIY

Initial release: July 2000

Latest release: Weekly Releases

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: i686 or later

RAM: 512 MB

Disk Space: 3 GB

3. Slackware

[Independent]

Initial release: July 1993

Latest release: 14.2 / 30 June 2016

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 486

RAM: 1 GB

Disk Space: 5 GB

4. Linux From Scratch

[Independent] - DIY

Initial release: December 1999

Latest release: 10.1 / March 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 2 GHz

RAM: 1 GB

Disk Space: 5 GB

5. Qubes OS

(Based on Fedora - Security)

Initial release: September 2012

Latest release: 4.0.4 / March 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: 64-bit Intel or AMD processor

RAM: 16/6 GB

Disk Space: 128/32 GB

Graphics: Intel integrated graphics processor

6. NixOS

[Independent] - DIY

Initial release: 2003

Latest release: 21.05 / May 2021

Recommended/Minimum System Requirements:

Processor: Recent Intel i3 or comparable dual-core 64-bit processor

RAM: 1 GB

Disk Space: 8 GB

Final thoughts:

As developers & programmers, it's a big plus to use the tools that suit us the best. Starting from operating systems; whether it's Linux, Windows, macOS, or anything else. Some tools might be very good, but not suitable for us. It's always crucial to figure out what works for us well.

We should try to find better tools & try to look for alternatives. We might find something that works for us better.

Wish you all the best with your dev journey.

Outro:

I hope you liked this article. Please let me know in the comments what you think about it. I regularly create content on web development in particular and tech in general.

Consider following me on Twitter, and stay tuned for upcoming content.

See you in the next article.

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Created by

Ahsan Noor.

Software Engineer | Digital Content Creator

I'm a Software Engineer. A freelance Web Developer and Content Creator.


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