Data Science vs. Data Analysis: Know the Difference

The terms "data science" and "data analysis" are often used interchangeably. They overlap, but their uses have a unique distinction. This article provides a simple explanation of the differences between data science and data analysis.


Hassan Faheem

a year ago | 4 min read

The difference between data science and data analytics has been discussed for many years. In this article, we will understand them from their respective goals’ standpoint and see which one is more suitable for you in 2022.

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Overview of Data Science and Data Analytics

Data Science is taking data and applying it to solve problems. Data Analytics is a subgroup of Data Science focusing on using data to solve business problems.

At its core, Data Science is multidisciplinary; it involves using mathematics, statistics, and computer science to create new knowledge from data. This field aims to find insights that organizations can use in various industries for strategic decision-making and innovation. In a nutshell, Data Scientists use their knowledge about how algorithms work and their understanding of statistics and machine learning processes to build models that will predict outcomes based on previously observed patterns.

What is Data Science?

In most simple terms, the process of extracting meaning from data is data science. It uses statistics, computer science, and mathematics to analyze data and extract meaning.

Data Science covers a wide range of activities, including:

  • manipulating large volumes of data
  • developing algorithmic solutions to problems that require analyzing data in new ways (for example, big data analysis)
  • identifying patterns in a dataset

In contrast, a Data Analyst focuses more on finding patterns within existing datasets through exploratory analysis so as not only to avoid errors but also to optimize their findings for maximum impact at each step along the way.

What is Data Analytics?

Data Analytics is the process of examining data to extract knowledge and insight. It’s an umbrella term for various software and techniques, from statistical analysis to machine learning. For example, suppose you want to know what your customers want in a new product you’re developing. In that case, you might start by collecting data about their preferences for similar products in the past — your analytics tool would retrieve that information from your database. Then it would crunch those numbers using statistical algorithms that extract insights about the essential features. For example, you might learn that people who have bought previous products like yours have also purchased green tea ice cream or brown sugar-flavored popcorn.

Analytics is the science of analyzing data to make better decisions. It encompasses all the steps involved with turning raw information into valuable insights. That includes collecting data on user behavior patterns to running predictive models based on historical trends, from visualizing complex relationships among variables using graphs or charts to creating virtual simulations based on simulation software such as MATLAB or Simulink.

Differences Between Data Science and Data Analytics

Data science and data analytics have many similarities. Both involve extracting value from data, and the terms are often used interchangeably by people who don’t fully understand their differences. However, there are some differences between them:

Data science is a broader field than data analytics. Data scientists perform experiments on their datasets to find new insights and theories about how things work — and then apply these findings to inform business decisions or further research questions. By contrast, data analysts spend most of their time cleaning up messy databases and performing repetitive tasks to help companies better use their existing datasets (this is why you may hear analysts being called “data janitors”). This means that while there is some overlap between the two fields, they’re not always interchangeable jobs!

Data scientists rely heavily on intuition; it’s part of what makes them good at finding unexpected patterns in large datasets without first having extensive knowledge about how everything works under the hood (which is more common among analysts).

Similarities Between Data Science and Data Analytics

Data scientists and data analysts are both parts of the data science team. They are tasked with solving complex problems through analytics and data mining. However, there is a difference between the two roles: one is concerned only with mining patterns from large datasets. At the same time, the other has an in-depth understanding of statistical modeling and machine learning methods.

Data scientists need to know how to tell a good story using their findings by communicating them clearly through visualizations or storytelling techniques like dashboards or interactive applications. Data analysts focus on finding insights that can help improve business processes while keeping track of what they have done thus far in terms of analysis so they can easily present it back to stakeholders.

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Which One Should you Choose in 2022?

It would be best to choose Data Science or Analytics, but not both. Data Science is more difficult to master than Data Analytics. There are more job opportunities and some with higher salaries in Data Analytics than in the field of Data Science.

If you want to enter a lucrative field, then go for Data Analytics rather than Data Science.

Data science is a career that is in high demand. It’s one of the hottest and most in-demand jobs, but it requires a lot of education and experience. On the other hand, data analytics is a field that’s growing rapidly at an exponential rate. As a result, getting into this field can take less education and experience than becoming a data scientist.


Data analytics and data science are distinct in many ways, but they require a lot of skill and expertise. As of now, being a data scientist is one of the best jobs out there as it allows you to work with big data sets to make sense of them. But with the rise of analytics, this could change respective to each field when compared to each other. So if you want to be proficient and become a professional, you must pick one over another based on what suits you more.


Created by

Hassan Faheem

Data Scientist by Day, Blogger by Night. Obtained my Master of Science in Data Science from Heriot-Watt University. I am interested in writing about Analytics, Blogging and Productivity.







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