What Is Database Security – A Complete Guide

The following post focuses on what is database security, why it must be taken into consideration right away in 2022 and what is database security testing?


Charles Roy

a year ago | 4 min read

Security breaches are happening now and then! This means its significance should no longer be acknowledged in the database management realm. Considering high-end security for database management is the first and foremost thing that should be done, after all, it comprises all vital information such as credit card details, and personal pieces of information, which are highly valuable to the bad guys. And since databases comprise all this information, they are prone to become the prime target of hackers.

The following post focuses on what is database security, why it must be taken into consideration right away in 2022 and what is database security testing? This one acts as a complete handy guide on database security. So without any further ado, let’s just begin!  

Now, which organizations do you think must consider database security in the first place? Well, I think every organization must consider database security, a robust defense mechanism safeguarding from malicious and unwanted attacks. In addition, no one else knows better than you that one data breach can lead to massive losses not just for your business but for your stakeholder and customers as well.


What is Database Security?       

This has been one of the most common yet interesting threads circling my Quora page for a few weeks. Database security is a process where tons of different measures, approaches, methods and controls take place to maintain confidentiality and safeguard it from hackers and unwanted guests. Apart from money, data has become the most important factor that must be preserved these days. And why not, since it is used for decision-making, customer service management, supply chain management and so forth. Confidentiality or illegitimate usage is the main factor that shouldn’t be compromised at any rate. So if you want to implement an absolute system’s defense against perpetrators, this is it! Database security is all you need to take into consideration.


Significance of Database Security

Since the evolution of emerging technology, nothing seems to be impossible. Tons of information can be accessed with the help of a few clicks and scrolls. As a result, companies are bound to store data, especially the one which is quite important for the business in the cloud. After all, one cannot afford to lose their valuable assets in the hands of hackers. So yes, this is the basic reason for considering database security. Now you don’t realize the importance of something till it’s isn’t there. Yes, you need to know the consequences to understand the significance of database security.

  • Compromised Intellectual Property – When commencing a business, intellectual property, and trade secrets are equally important. Also safeguarding them gives you a competitive advantage like never before. In case, if the intellectual property is being compromised or exposed, nobody would trust you or invest in your business. As a result, it will have a great negative impact on your reputation.
  • Brand Reputation Is Doomed – Not maintaining data security can have an inverse impact on your brand reputation. And keep such factors in mind, no customer would end up choosing your products and services.
  • Fines or Penalties For Non-Compliances – The aforementioned consequences aren’t just it. Not complying with global regulations such as Sarbannes-Oxley Act (SAO) or Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), industry-specific data privacy regulations such as HIPAA, or regional data privacy regulations, such as Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) means you might have to pay high penalties and fines. Not to mention that these fines are millions of dollars per violation.


Common Database Security Threats and Vulnerabilities

Since we have covered the significance of Database security. It’s time to come across some of the common security threats and vulnerabilities. After all, knowing your weaknesses helps a lot in combating them and ensuring that you don’t fall for the same trap again.

●     SQL/NoSQL Injection Attacks

First and the foremost threat is pretty common yet crucial to know. It is SQL/NoSQL injection attacks featuring arbitrary SQL and NoSQL attack strings. Now, where are these strings located? Well, now you must be wondering what these database queries comprise? All they comprise of extensions in web forms or via HTTPS requests.

So what needs to be done is to conduct testing on regular basis. Look around for potential vulnerabilities, ensure secure coding and see if they can breach any type of database system or not.


  • Denial of Service (Dos/DDoS attacks)

Another interesting and common threat when it comes to breaching databases found is DDos/DoS attacks. Here attackers tend to place tons and tons of fake requests. And all they do is try overwhelming your systems till they time it is completely doomed or destroyed.


  • Buffer Overflow Attacks

Now, these attacks aren’t much common because they tend to happen when the data has exceeded its limit to block memory. Launching attacks is very easy when it is done using access data.


  • Manipulating The Data

Another common threat or vulnerability is data manipulation. As the name implies, the digital documents are being altered purposely through unauthorized access.


  • Identity Spoofing

This term is said when a hacker tends to take someone else’s identity to access crucial data and information. And this is the sole reason why most organizations are asked to be fully aware of identities and can combat such breaches easily.


  • Human Error

We humans will always make mistakes, there are no two ways about it! Sometimes intentionally or unintentionally we end up sharing passwords, just like that without even realizing what might be the consequences later on.


  • Unnecessary Exploitation

Last but certainly not least is exploitation. With the emergence of new technology, new vulnerabilities will be discovered. So one needs to keep themselves updated and ensured regarding what’s needed and how to enhance database security for better results.



So this is it! I hope the guide was helpful. If so, do share among your peers and spread the word for us regarding database security. Hackers are everywhere but taking certain safety measures prior can help in stopping the wave of security breaches right away.

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Charles Roy







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