"INDIA- the power to reckoned with"
This article deals with the ups and down that India faced during its 75 years of journey after independence. It shows how India not only fights back but also thrives from the situation in which she was completely bogged down by the Britishers.
University Maharaja's College
This year we have celebrated 75years of independence, Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav. Of course this journey was notflowery, we have been through many ups and downs in geopolitics, economy,politics, terrorism etc , but still we have maintained our identity as independent democratic nation. British prime minister WINSTON CHURCHILL said that “ Indian will not survive as a cohesive identity if it become independent”, but we not only survived but also flourished even after possessing multiple religion, regions, languages, ethnicity, culture and lifestyles.
If we take look on the neighbors of India which also got independence around in this period only like –
1)Sri Lanka – Got independence in 1948, now going through the extreme financial crises due to prolonged nepotism in politics which eventually reflected into decisions ,this led to public distrust.
2)Pakistan, still in the shackles of terrorism and economy and politics is completely devastated (grey list of FATF).
3)China, performed economically better than Indian but still in the shackles of communism and have tight and oppressive policies on public. We may call it economical development but cannot be regarded holistic development .
Now we get back to India and have a glimpse on what we have achieved and where we lacked in these 75 years.
India's GDP has increased from 2.7 lac crore in 1947 to 147.79 lac crore today That makes India the fifth largest economy in the world. At the same time the per capita income of India was Rs 7531 during 1950-51 which increased to 91,481 in2021-22.
The advent of the GreenRevolution during the 1960s was a game-changer for the country. It saw the adoption of modern technology and methods to produce high-yield variety seeds,that significantly raised agricultural productivity and increased foodgrain production.
The net production of foodgrains in India increased from around 48 million tonnes during the 50s to a massive 241 million tonnes during 2017. India continues to be one of the largest producers of rice, wheat and various fruits and vegetables in the world and is also the leader in milk production.
These statistics seems quite glittering and attractive but they also conceal many ground realities.
>Our GDP increased but our debt also increased to whopping 91 lac crore.
>Depeasantisation at alarming rates as agriculture is no more feasible , many farmers even committing suicides.
>Our manufacturing sector is far behind from the world.
>High income inequality which is promoting “K”shaped economy, rich become more richer and poor become more poorer. According to data from the recently launched E-SHRAM portal by government to create the database for gig workers shows that 94.11% registered workers have a monthly income less than 10k.
Overall, we grown as a nation and these problems are addressing by government like PLI(production linked incentive) scheme to nurture domestic manufacturing sector which will create more employment and eventually helps in reducing income inequality and promotes “V” shaped economy.
>The literacy rate of india has increased from 12%in 1947 to 74%,literacy helps in capitalizing the massive demographic advantage that india posses into demographic dividend .
>Educational infrastructure is also improved and the number of the premiere institute like IITs(23) and AIIMS(23) also increased.
In 1947 the average life expectancy of average Indian was32 years ,now it is approx. 70 years , which is quite significant improvement. Atthe time of independence India was completely on his knees, looted for 200 years,malnourished and diseased population. In 1947 , 75million(roughly 23% population of India) cases of malaria was registered which was reduced significantly to0.1 million in 1964. Until 1990s everyday at least 500 children were getting paralyzed due to POLIO ,India fought polio and became polio free in 2014.Today India’spolio eradication is used as a case study for world healthcare system.
Even if we take the case of COVID-19 , of course we can not say everything was perfect ,situations were pretty bad not for India but for whole world. Healthcare system of world’s most developed countries. India is running the worlds largest vaccination programme , at time we were vaccinating the population equivalent to Australia in a day. We even exported the vaccine to needy and poor nation for free. Today India is known as WORLD’SPHARMACY.
But still we have long road ahead ,as India have massive population so we have to built infrastructure to accommodate this much population.
India decided to go to space just 17 years after independence, we setup INCOSPAR (INDIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR SPACE RESEARCH) in 1962. India launched its first rocket in 1963 from town called Thumba.The parts and equipments were transported by bicycle and bullock carts. Becauseof this grit and dedication today India is a well established space power inthe world who is also unfurling tricolor on mars .
And India is also the first country outside the permanent UNSC members to test the nuclear bomb despite the worlds best effortsto prevent this.in 1974, India took the world by surprise by becoming the nuclear power ,the operation was called “SMILING BUDDHA”.
Whatever may be our starting today India is force to reckon with , whole world acknowledge the potential and importance of india on world level . especially in indo-pacific to counter china. Of course there is a long road ahead andthere are many challenges and shortcoming to address but I believe india will thrive and will change the whole epicenter of power.
University Maharaja's College