An Investor’s Guide to Cardano: Emerging as World’s Upcoming Valuable Cryptocurrency

The Cardano blockchain’s ADA Token is the fourth-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization. Since its introduction in 2017, the Cardano project and its related ADA coin have created a lot of community attention. Cardano is rather unique in the cryptocurrency world due to the academic rigour with which it was developed.


P C Joshi

2 years ago | 3 min read

What is Cardano?

Cardano is the entirety of the greatest and prominent cryptocurrencies in terms of market cap. It is meant to be a durable, versatile, sustainable, and scalable block-chain programme for running smart contracts; allowing for the creation of a diverse range of applications. It is also created to be a next version progression of the Ethereum scheme with a blockchain that is a flexible, sustainable, and extendable platform for driving smart contracts; which will enable the improvement of a broad range of decentralized finance.

Features of Cardano

  • The network selects a winner based on the amount of ADA. Each validator has in the pool and the length of time they’ve had it there, literally rewarding the most invested participants. +
  • Once the winner has confirmed the most recent block of transactions; additional validators attest the accuracy of block . The blockchain is updated when a certain amount of attestations are received.
  • All validators who participate to earn a reward in ADA; is being dispersed by the network in proportion to their stake.

How Cardano Works?

Cardano effectively aims to address some of the challenges seen by the large-scale adoption of blockchain. Through the creation of design principles and technical best practices, Cardano hopes to bring challenges like scalability, interoperability, and sustainability under control.


Cardano could handle up to 10 transactions per second in its early days. However, Hoskinson just published a paper that clarifies another scaling solution for the network Called Hydra. Hydra is a Layer 2 scaling scheme that uses state diverts to handle off-chain exchanges. Cardano can measure more than a million transactions per second with this technology.

Security and interoperability

Cardano aims to introduce market norms while also enabling network interoperability. Blockchain management approaches, framework upgrade protocols, and capabilities are all part of these frameworks. Currently, the platform has standards in place to supervise privacy, security, and decentralization.


Cardano’s Ouroboros is a new consensus mechanism. It is a chain-based PoS protocol that counts on blocks being approved by randomly chosen leaders. The node that uploads the next block, like in other blockchains, is rewarded for their work.

Cardano (ADA) Roadmap

The roadmap of Cardano ADA is divided into five major phases: Byron, Shelley, Goguen, Basho, and Voltaire.

Byron Phase

The first phase signified the network’s introduction, as well as basic features such as ADA transfer. It was also about forming a community and involving people in the development of the blockchain of the future. Cardano has expanded from a small group of enthusiasts to a global community, with ADA hosted on more than 30 exchanges and an average market capitalization that places it among the world’s top cryptocurrencies.

Shelley Phase

The Shelley hard fork occurred in 2020 and offers additional steps toward decentralisation. Cardano nodes are currently managed by the Cardano community, with stake pools managed by ADA holders. In this phase, ADA saw the implementation of a delegation and incentive scheme, as well as a reward system to boost stake pools and community acceptance. The delegation and incentive scheme, painstakingly designed using game theory and the most recent research into proof-of-stake networks, will allow and encourage users to delegate their stake to stake pools – and be rewarded for honest participation in the network.

Goguen Phase

It intends to make Cardano more accessible to a broader audience through Marlowe, allowing financial and business experts with no prior technical experience to construct smart contracts. The advent of a multi-currency ledger will expand Cardano’s utility, even more, allowing users to develop additional natively supported tokens. This will enable the development of fungible and non-fungible tokens, as well as the creation of new cryptocurrencies on Cardano and the tokenization of a wide range of digital and physical assets. Another advantage will be the ease with which smart contracts and DApps may be integrated.

Basho Phase

The Basho phase is concerned with maximising scalability and interoperability. One of the key improvements of Basho will be the introduction of sidechains: additional blockchains that will be interoperable with the main Cardano chain and will have enormous potential to increase the network’s capabilities.

Voltaire Phase

Cardano’s Voltaire era will offer the final parts needed for the Cardano network to become self-sustaining. With the implementation of a voting and treasury system, network participants will be able to influence the network’s future development by using their stake and voting rights. Voltaire will also have a treasury system to fund future network development, in which a portion of all transaction costs will be pooled to generate funding for development initiatives done following the voting process.

What is the ADA token?

Cardano’s token is ADA, which is named after the 19th-century mathematician Ada Lovelace. Cardano raised $62.2 million in an Initial Coin Offering (ICO), which distributed 57.6 per cent of the ADA supply.

The token functions as both digital money and a means of transacting on the Cardano network (similar to how you need ether to transact on Ethereum). ADA holders also have a stake in the Cardano network, which can be leveraged to generate staking rewards in stake pools.


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P C Joshi







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