What Is Peer-to-Peer Lending and How Does it Work?

Peer-to-Peer lending involves two individuals the burrower and the lender. They both agree to certain terms and under the security of a platform begin their lending.


Mike Jones

3 years ago | 4 min read

Peer-to-peer lending platforms connect people wishing to invest with others searching for a loan. They act as a matchmaker, assisting in the introduction of two parties and the movement of funds between them. Because there is no traditional financial institution serving as a middleman, so no expense connected with banking, both lenders and borrowers may benefit from lower interest rates.

P2P lending might be an appealing option for people wishing to diversify their financial portfolio and are willing to take a minor risk in doing so. Moreover, with savings and cash ISA interest rates now failing to keep up with inflation, investing could help you protect the value of your money, and P2P lending is less volatile and difficult than stock and share investing. Here is list of top P2P lending software development companies.

How does it Work?

Peer-to-Peer lending involves two individuals the burrower and the lender. They both agree to certain terms and under the security of a platform begin their lending. I will explain this to you from both point of views

Let’s start with:


If you want to borrow through peer-to-peer lending, the procedure starts when you apply for a loan on a P2P platform. Most businesses will ask you to fill out a quote request and show evidence of identity before doing a credit check to assess your credit history. You'll be given a provisional APR based on the findings of the check, as well as a breakdown of your potential loan that contains crucial facts like the amount, duration, monthly cost, and total amount payable. After that, you'll be able to finish the rest of your application.

At this point, an underwriter will review your completed application and make the ultimate judgement on whether or not you are accepted. You may be subjected to a more thorough credit check, as well as the platform's own creditworthiness checks. If you're approved, you'll be given a loan offer and paired with a lender (or several lenders) who can supply funds that meet the parameters you specified. You then have the option of accepting or declining the offer. Despite the fact that the loan money will come from lending 'peers,' the platform will operate as a middleman and you will not be engaging with any other parties directly. After the loan is paid off, you'll make ongoing payments to the platform, which will then be passed on to the lenders.


When you sign up for a P2P platform and invest the amount you want to lend, the peer-to-peer lending procedure begins. Then you'll have to start making loan offers to those who are asking for money. Before you make your offer, you must first decide how long you want to offer your money for, which is usually a certain number of years. As a general rule, the longer you're willing to invest your money, the better your chances of making a profit. Once your funds have been sent to your peer-to-peer account, you have two options for lending them out: some P2P platforms will automatically make lending offers to borrowers who meet your loan requirements on your behalf, while others will need you to do so manually. While managing each loan personally provides you the best control, it may be time-consuming; automating the process speeds up the process and guarantees that your money is always invested.

You'll start earning interest once you've been paired with a borrower (or several borrowers) and the loan has been disbursed. You'll be given management options for what you want to do with your revenue depending on your platform. The top platforms will include an automatic re-lending service, in which your repayments are automatically offered for loan again, maximising your profits. There will almost always be an option to get a regular income from your repayments, usually weekly or monthly. You may also be given the option of withdrawing your entire repayments or only the interest you've gained. This is typically be done automatically, or you can choose to handle your earnings entirely manually, providing you complete control but at the expense of time and convenience.

FAQ’s for P2P

1. What are the fees charged by P2P lenders?

Because both lenders and borrowers can be charged fees by P2P lending platforms, it's critical to read the conditions of the site you choose before accepting a loan or handing over your investment funds. If you're an investor, for example, LendingClub charges a "investor service fee" of around 1% of the total amount of payments collected by the loan's payment due date or during any grace period, if applicable. If you're a borrower, you might have to pay a cost called an origination fee.

2. What can I do with a peer-to-peer loan?

Unsecured personal loans are available on several peer-to-peer sites. This means you can use the money towards almost anything you want, however most lending services will need you to identify the loan's intended purpose. According to LendingClub, the most common reasons for loans include debt consolidation, home improvement, medical bills, and large purchases. Loans cannot be utilised for investments, higher education expenditures, gambling, or illicit activities, according to the website.

3. Is peer-to-peer lending a risky?

Peer-to-peer lending may appear to be an appealing investment because you can earn excellent returns on your money without having to deal with a bank. However, if you lend money using a P2P network and the borrower fails to pay, the loan may default, and you may not be reimbursed. Your P2P assets are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).


Created by

Mike Jones

Working as a Crypto Marketing Analyst with Blockchain Coders







Related Articles