A lot of you might be wondering why this question is asked? If we have the helper library, why not just use that? And you are absolutely right. We should use that and we do use them indeed. But writing such a core function is going to test how you grasp and apply things fundamentally. As we will see later in this article, this question tests how you apply the knowledge that you already have. So let us get into some problem-solving mode 👨💻 ⚔️.
Write a function that will take an object as an argument and returns a deep copy of that object.
Before diving into the solution, I suggest that you try to solve this problem on your own. Here are some hints: - Forget about the nesting part. First, try to copy each key and value. - Now think about how you can identify if a value is an object itself and what to do with it.
When I am solving any problem, I always like to write the obvious things first. Those things can be found by reading the problem statement. The very obvious thing that the question asks is to return an object. So let us write that down first.
Now, the problem asks us for a deep copy of the object. But before jumping to deep copy, let us write a solution for copying each key value for a single level of nesting. So what do we need for that? - We need all the keys from the source object - Add all those keys one by one in the target object.
Great! So we have solved the problem for the simplest use case. Now let us think about nesting. So first of all, how will we know if the value corresponding to the current key is an object itself? By using
typeof operator. And when we know that the current value is an object, how can we get its copy? –> By using the function that we are writing. I know this might sound confusing right now. This technique is known as Recursion (You can learn more about recursion here). Let us write the code and you will understand. So the final solution to the problem will look like this:
Yay!! This looks like a working solution for now. There are minor problems with this solution like handling arrays and functions in objects. I would encourage you to write the code that will handle these conditions. And for more interesting questions like this, keep following this series. Until then, Happy Coding!!
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