Whitespace in Web Design: Types and Uses

White space is a blend of art and science. Creating a balance in a design composition and maintaining an optimal white space is a skill that shines through practice and experience.


Imia Hazel

a year ago | 5 min read

What is white space?

The space between design components is known as white space. It also includes the space between typographic glyphs (readable characters) for individual design components. White space means not always white. Color, texture, pattern, css buttons, or even a backdrop picture come under the white space.

Designers and clients often get into a brawl about white space. In design philosophy, white space enhances aesthetics and provides a positive user experience. It's sad to say, but many customers and bosses think white space is a waste. In their opinion, additional information or aesthetic components may adjust here.

White space is an excellent tool when balancing design components and improving the visual communication experience. It is essential to strike a good mix between words and graphics when designing the web. There aren't many individuals who enjoy reading content. Therefore it's critical to keep them interested!

To achieve this, the white space between the text and the images is the show's true star. It minimizes the appearance of a cluttered layout on each page.

Designers need to understand white space's role by avoiding UX design mistakes. When people see a lot of information, they become irritated. We're not robots; we're people. White space allows us to "take a deep breath" and relax. Experiment with it to balance freedom and other user interface components.

Whitespace Types

RAM By Graphitepoint

There are different ways to utilize whitespace. Graphitepoint has fantastic shots on whitespace. Macro-versus-micro and active-to-passive are examples of these. Let's take a look at each one:

1. Macro

It is the space between the text, pictures, and other media. There are several ways to distinguish whitespace, but this is the most popular.

2. Micro

Kerning (the spacing between letters) and line-height (the height of a line) are examples of micro components (leading). Micro whitespace is equally as vital, if not more significant, than macro whitespace since it improves readability for the user.

3. Active

An excellent example of active whitespace is when a website flows smoothly and leads visitors to a conversion point (call-to-action, form, etc.). The page's structure and flow arrangement are significant in effective web design using active whitespace.

4. Passive

Graphics and text naturally have whitespace that is not active. Background images, movies, textures, and patterns of various types are good examples of applying the whitespace hypothesis. Whitespace that isn't white is well-represented in the following instances.

Tips for using white space in web design

Uploaded by Katie on Unsplash

Let have an overview of white space in web design,

1. Highlight Some Aspects

Designers frequently have to prioritize specific material or interactive components. In most cases, the goal of a page's design is to draw the user's attention to a particular feature (e.g., a content section or a call to action button). Designers may use various visual techniques to draw attention to a specific element. Still, one of the most successful is experimenting with the quantity of whitespace surrounding the part in question.

DNA, a free one page template, has implemented white space smartly. Template sections focus on the content professionally with their clever design.

DNA - One Page HTML Template

To do this, use a simple trick: delete everything in the area around the item. The absence of other things in a particular region enhances the visibility of those items. For some reason, the user's gaze is drawn to an object in a specific location since there is nothing else to attract it. Whitespace around an item draws the eye inward, making it more noticeable.

2. Making Object-Relationships Visible

It's unusual for us to view a new layout as a collection of separate components. The majority of the time, what we perceive is a jumbled-up mess. A representation of interactions between items is built into our brains by nature. Relationships between objects are typically formed depending on their distance from one other. Gestalt principles are a type of cognitive psychology theory that states that if two or more items are near enough to one another, they feel like one "unit."

In visual and interaction design, this concept reflects practically every design process. It is interesting that how it works in the digital world. Long forms are a turn-off for the vast majority of consumers. For consumers to fully comprehend a lengthy form, they will need to devote additional time to sifting through the questions. On the other hand, designers may make life easier for users by using whitespace to bring together closely related data. Users will spend less time figuring out what information they need to enter if this primary method prevails. You may look into different CSS login forms examples to have an opinion.

3. Enhance the Readability of Text

Uploaded by Joel on Unsplash

It's all about the content. The content you provide draws users to your website or app in the first place. That's why it's essential to pay attention to the readability of your material. Readability may be affected by a slew of elements, including font size, font-weight, and color contrast. On the other hand, whitespace is a critical component of content readability. Bookmark these CSS resources to polish your mastery.

It is possible to increase the legibility or readability of text content by increasing the line spacing. It's more difficult to understand text that has a small line spacing. In general, readers prefer a more prominent leading since it makes for a more comfortable reading experience.

The quantity of whitespace also influences the comprehension of material between paragraphs and surrounding text blocks. It emerges that correct usage of whitespace among sections improves understanding by about 20 percent.

4. Divide Elements without using Visible Dividers

In many cases, designers utilize visible lines to restrict portions of a page or even specific elements. This strategy is not bad, but the apparent weight of the dividers increases. The entire design might seem weighty if there are too many clear boundaries. Divide not by lines but by components and space. Your interface will always look cleaner if fewer lines and other visual edges. Analysis of different UX design tools helps designers to gloss their learning.

5. Instill a Sense of Refinement and Class

All of the examples we've looked at so far demonstrate how whitespace enhances a product's usability. For example, whitespace is used for aesthetic purposes as well. Layouts with many whitespaces might give the impression of being more opulent. For many luxury firms, whitespace is a crucial strategy for highlighting the products they sell.


White space isn't just a blank canvas; instead, it's a string instrument. White space is a blend of art and science. Creating a balance in a design composition and maintaining an optimal white space is a skill that shines through practice and experience.


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Imia Hazel

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